Next to the carbohydrates, fat is the most important energy supplier. Additionally, fats fulfil a variety of other vital functions in the body. Beside the provision of energy, fats ensure that the fat-soluble vitamins (vitamin A, D, E, K) can be absorbed. Fatty acids rank among the important parts of all cells. They are essential for the development of muscles and mass. Furthermore, fats serve as source material for the hormone testosterone. Testosterone is an androgenic hormone. It ensures the transport of the proteins to the cells and, thus, the growth of muscles in the “right” places.
Which Fats are Good for You?
Basically, you should take in more vegetable than animal fat. Vegetable fats contain a very little amount of cholesterol (almost nothing) and positively influence your blood values as well as your general well-being. The so-called “polyunsaturated fats”, such as Omega-3 fatty acids, are essential for your body, since our body cannot produce them by itself but needs them for hormones and other cell components.
Fat is used to emphasise the taste of foods. It is therefore extremely important to carefully select the types of fats you consume. Especially saturated fats (contained mostly in animal foods) should be consumed carefully. The so-called hydrogenated fats (trans fats), contained in chips, cookies or fries, have also nothing to do in your nutrition plan. They make you not only fat but also ill. You should rather consume healthy vegetable oils. They contain unsaturated fatty acids which positively influence blood fats and your general well-being. Likewise, the vital Omega-3 fatty acids should not be missing from your nourishment. They are essential for our body and must be included into nutrition. Your cardiovascular system also benefits from the optimal nutrients’ supply. You will find a lot of Omega-3 fatty acids, for example, in fish and nuts.
Middle-chained fatty acids, which can be found at the so-called MCT (middle chained triglycerides), have advantages over the long-chain fatty acids (LCT = long chain triglycerides). With a mixed diet relatively few of these MCT are absorbed. They have higher water solubility than LCT and enter into the blood easier and considerably quicker. Inside the blood, they are transported directly to the liver and are quickly available for the cells as energy molecule.